The Lambert Group


    (please sign in to the network of the University of Würzburg to follow the links below)


    Pyrene MO Shuffle - Controlling Excited State and Redox Properties by Changing the Nature of the Frontier Orbitals

    J. Merz, J. Fink, A. Friedrich, I. Krummenacher, H. Al Mamari, S. Lorenzen, M. Hähnel, A.Eichhorn, M. Moos, M. Holzapfel, H. Braunschweig, C. Lambert, A. Steffen, L. Ji, T. B. Marder

    Chem. Eur. J. 2017, 23, 13164-13180. [PDF]


    Push-Pull-Type Polychlorotriphenylmethyl Radicals: New Two-Photon Absorbers and Dyes for Generation of Photo-Charges

    X. Wu, J. O. Kim, S. Medina, F. J. Ramirez, P. M. Burrezo, S. Wu, Z. L. Lim, C. Lambert, J. Casado, D. Kim, J. Wu

    Chem. Eur J. 2017, 23, 7698-7702. [PDF]


    Exciton Transport in Molecular Aggregates, From Natural Antennas to Synthetic Chromophore Systems

    T. Brixner, R. Hildner, J. Köhler, C. Lambert, F. Würthner

    Adv. Energy Mater. 2017, 7, 1700236. [PDF]


    Hole Transfer Processes in meta- and para-Conjugated Mixed Valence Compounds: Unforeseen Effects of Bridge Substituents and Solvent Dynamics

    J. Schäfer, M. Holzapfel, B. Mladenova, D. Kattnig, I. Krummenacher, H. Braunschweig, G. Grampp, C. Lambert

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2017, 139(17), 6200-6209. [PDF]


    Bis(Aminoaryl) Carbon-Bridged Oligo(phenylenevinylene)s Expand the Limits of Electronic Couplings

    P. M. Burrezo, N.-T. Lin, K. Nakabayashi, S.-I. Ohkoshi, E. M. Calzado, P.G. Boj, M. A. Diaz Garcia, C. Franco, C. Rovira, J. Veciana, M. Moos, C. Lambert, J. T. Lopez Navarrete, H. Tsuji, E. Nakamura, J. Casado

    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2017, 129, 2944-2948. [PDF]


    Green to Red Electrochromic Fe(II) Metallo-supramolecular Polyelectrolytes Self-Assembled from Fluorescent 2,6-Bis(2-pyridyl)pyrimidine bithiophene

    S. Pai, M. Moos, M. Schreck, C. Lambert, D. Kurth

    Inorg. Chem. 201756, 1418-1432. [PDF]


    The quantum dynamical basis of a classical kinetic scheme describing coherent and incoherent regimes of radical pair recombination

    N. N. Lukzen, J. H. Klein, C. Lambert, U. E. Steiner

    Z. Phys. Chem. 2017, 231(2), 197-223. [PDF, not Uni-Wue]


    Dual Luminescence, Interligand Decay, and Nonradiative Electronic Relaxation of Cyclometalated Iridium Complexes in Solution

    E. Pomarico, M. Silatani, F. Messina, O. Braem, A. Cannizzo, E. Barranoff, J. H. Klein, C. Lambert, M. Chergui

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2016, 120 (30), 16459-16469. [PDF]


    Near-Infrared Luminescence and Inner Filter Effects of Lanthanide Coordination Polymers with 1,2-Di(4-pyridyl)ethylene

    N. Dannenbauer, P. R. Matthes, T. P. Scheller, J. Nitsch, S. H. Zottnik, M. S. Gernert, A. Steffen, C. Lambert, K. Müller-Buschbaum

    Inorg. Chem. 2016, 55, 7396-7406. [PDF]


    Synthesis of Functionalized 1,4-Azaborinines by the Cyclization of Di-tert-butyliminoborane and Alkynes

    M. Schäfer, N. A. Beattie, K. Geetharani, J. Schäfer, W. C. Ewing, M. Krahfuß, C. Hörl, R. D. Dewhurst, S. A. Macgregor, C. Lambert, H. Braunschweig

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 8212-8220. [PDF]


    How fast is optically induced electron transfer in organic mixed valence systems?

    C. Lambert, M. Moos, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, J. Schäfer, M. Keß, V. Engel

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 19405-19411. [PDF]


    Cooperative Enhancement versus Additivity of Two-Photon-Absorption Cross Sections in Linear and Branched Squaraine Superchromophores

    H. Ceymann, A. Rosspeintner, M. H. Schreck, C. Mützel, A. Stoy, E. Vauthey, C. Lambert

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 16404-16413. [PDF]


    Decoupling charge transport and electroluminescence in a high mobility polymer semiconductor

    D. J. Harkin, K. Broch, M. H. Schreck, H. Ceymann, A. Stoy, C.-K. Yong, M. Nikolka, I. McCulloch, N. Stingelin, C. Lambert, H. Sirringhaus

    Adv. Mater. 2016, 28, 6378-6385. [PDF]


    Regioselective catalytic and stepwise routes to bulky, functional-group-appended, and luminescent 1,2-azaborinines

    M. Schäfer, J. Schäfer, R. D. Dewhurst, W. C. Ewing, M. Krahfuss, M. W. Kuntze-Fechner, M. Wehner, C. Lambert, H. Braunschweig

    Chem. Eur. J. 2016, 22, 8603-8609. [PDF]


    Identification of effective exciton-exciton annihilation in squaraine-squaraine copolymers

    K. Hader, V. May, C. Lambert, V. Engel

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 13368-13374. [PDF]


    Energy redistribution dynamics in triarylamine-triarylborane containing hexaarylbenzenes

    M. Steeger, M. Holzapfel, A. Schmiedel, C. Lambert

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 13403-13412. [PDF]


    Localised and delocalised excitons in star-like squaraine homo- and heterodimers

    H. Ceymann, M. Balkenhohl, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, C. Lambert

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 2646-2657. [PDF]


    Energy transfer and formation of long-lived 3MLCT states in multimetallic complexes with extended highly conjugated bis-terpyridyl ligands

    M. Wächtler, J. Kübel, K. Barthelmes, A. Winter, A. Schmiedel, T. Pascher, C. Lambert, U. S. Schubert, B. Dietzek

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 2350-2360. [PDF]


    Electron transfer pathways in mixed-valence paracyclophane-bridged bis-triarylamine radical cations

    M. Kaupp, S. Gückel, M. Renz, S. Klawohn, K. Theilacker, M. Parthey, C. Lambert

    J. Comput. Chem. 2016, 37, 93-102. [PDF]


    Complete Monitoring of Coherent and Incoherent Spin Flip Domains in the Recombination of Charge-Separated States of Donor-Iridium Complex-Acceptor Triads

    J. H. Klein, D. Schmidt, U. E. Steiner, C. Lambert

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 11011-11021. [PDF]


    Energy Transfer Between Squaraine Polymer Sections: From Helix to Zigzag and All the Way Back

    C. Lambert, F. Koch, S. F. Völker, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, A. Humeniuk, M. I. S. Röhr, R. Mitric, T. Brixner

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 7851-7861. [PDF]


    On the relation of energy and electron transfer in multidimensional chromophores based on
    polychlorinated triphenylmethyl radicals and triarylamines

    M. Steeger, S. Griesbeck, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, I. Krummenacher, H. Braunschweig, C. Lambert

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17, 11848-11867. [PDF]


    Investigations of the Degenerate Intra-molecular Charge Exchange in Symmetric Organic Mixed Valence Compounds: Solvent Dynamics of Bis(triarylamine)paracyclophane Redox Systems

    B. Y. Mladenova, D. R. Kattnig, C. Kaiser, J. Schäfer, C. Lambert, G. Grampp

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2015, 119, 8547-8553. [PDF]


    Macrocyclic cis-Indolenine Squaraine Dyes as Efficient Near Infrared Emitters

    C. Brüning, E. Welz, A. Heilos, V. Stehr, C. Walter, B. Engels, S. F. Völker, C. Lambert, V. Engel

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2015, 119, 6174-6180. [PDF]


    Coupled Oscillators for Tuning Fluorescence Properties of Squaraine Dyes

    C. Lambert, T. Scherpf, H. Ceymann, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 3547-3557. [PDF]


    Photoluminescent One-Dimesional Coordination Polymers from Suitable Pyridine Antenna and LnCL3 for Visible and Near-IR Emission

    P. R. Matthes, J. Eyley, J. H. Klein, A. Kuzmanoski, C. Lambert, C. Feldmann, K. Müller-Buschbaum

    Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2015, 826-836. [PDF]


    Optical and electronic properties of air-stable organoboron compounds with strongly electron-accepting bis(fluoromesityl)boryl groups

    Z. Zhang, R. M. Edkins, J. Nitsch, K. Fucke, A. Steffen, L. E. Longobardi, D. W. Stephan, C. Lambert, T. Marder

    Chem. Sci. 2015, 6, 308-321. [PDF]


    A Combined Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Isomers of 2,3,4,5.Tetracarba-nido-Hexaborane(6) Derivatives and Their Photophysical Properties

    H. Braunschweig, S. Ghosh, J. O. C. Jimenez-Halla, J. H. Klein, C. Lambert, K. Radacki, A. Steffen, A. Vargas, J. Wahler

    Chem. - Eur. J. 2015, 21, 210-218. [PDF]


    Photoinduced Electron Transfer Dynamics in Triarylamine-Naphthalene Diimide Cascades

    F. Zieschang, M. H. Schreck, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, J. H. Klein, C. Walter, B. Engels, C. Lambert

    J. Phys Chem C 2014, 118, 27698-27714. [PDF]


    Measuring Charge-Separation Dynamics via Oligomer Length Variation

    F. Kanal, S. Rützel, H. Lu, M. Moos, M. Holzapfel, T. Brixner, C. Lambert

    J. Phys Chem. C 2014, 118(41), 23586-23598. [PDF] 


    A photoinduced mixed-valence state in an organic bis-triarylamine mixed-valence compound with an iridium-metal-bridge

    C. Lambert, R. Wagener, J. H. Klein, G. Grelaud, M. Moos, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, T. Bruhn

    Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 11350-11353. [PDF]


    Singlet-Singlet Exciton Annihilation in an Exciton-Coupled Squaraine-Squaraine Coplolymer: A Model toward Hetero-J-Aggregates

    S. F. Völker, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, K. Renziehausen, V. Engel, C. Lambert

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 17467-17482. [PDF]


    Synthesis, Electrochemical and Optical Properties of Low Band Gap Homo- and Copolymers based on Squaraine Dyes

    S. F. Völker, T. Dellermann, H. Ceymann, M. Holzapfel, C. Lambert

    J. Polym. Sci., Part A: Polym. Chem. 2014, 52, 890-911. [PDF]


    Charge Transfer Dynamics in Squaraine-Naphthalene Diimide Copolymers

    S. F. Völker, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, C. Böhm, C. Lambert

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15(45), 19831-19844. [PDF]


    Optoelectronic Processes in Squaraine Dye-Doped OLEDs for Emission in the Near-Infrared

    B. Stender, S. F. Völker, C. Lambert, J. Pflaum

    Adv. Mater. 2013, 25, 2943-2947. [PDF]


    Solvent Controlled Energy Transfer Processes in Triarylamine-Triazole based Dendrimers

    F. Zieschang, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, K. Ansorg, B. Engels, C. Lambert

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2013, 117, 19816-19831. [PDF]


    Multiple Reduction of 2,5-Bis(borolyl)thiophene: Isolation of a Negative Bipolaron by Comproportionation

    H. Braunschweig, V. Dyakonov, B. Engels, C. Falk, C. Hörl, J. H. Klein, T. Kramer, H. Kraus, I. Krummenacher, C. Lambert, C. Walter

    Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 12852-12855. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 2013, 125, 13088-13092. [PDF]


    Stepwise versus pseudo-concerted two-electron-transfer in a triarylamine–iridium dipyrrin–naphthalene diimide triad

    J. H. Klein, T. L. Sunderland, C. Kaufmann, M. Holzapfel, A. Schmiedel, C. Lambert

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2013, 15, 16024-16030. [PDF]


    Redox-switchable Intramolecular  π-π-Stacking of Perylene Bisimide Dyes in a Cyclophane

    F. Schlosser, M. Moos, C. Lambert, F. Würthner

    Adv. Mater. 2013, 25, 410-414. [PDF] 


    Charge-Transfer Interactions in Tris-Donor-Tris-Acceptor Hexaarylbenzene Redox Chromophores

    M. Steeger, C. Lambert

    Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 11937-11948. [PDF]


    Long-Lived Singlet and Triplet Charge Separated States in Small Cyclophane Bridged Triarylamine-Naphthalene Diimide Dyads

    C. Kaiser, A. Schmiedel, M. Holzapfel, C. Lambert

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2012, 116, 15265-15280. [PDF]


    Charge-Transfer Interactions in a Multichromophoric Hexaarylbenzene Containing Pyrene and Triarylamines

    C. Lambert, J. Ehbets, D. Rausch, M. Steeger

    J. Org. Chem. 2012, 77, 6147-6154. [PDF]


    Exciton Coupling Effects in Polymeric cis-Indolenine Squaraine Dyes

    S. F. Völker, C. Lambert

    Chem. Mater. 2012, 24 (13), 2541-2553. [PDF]


    Ultrafast charge-transfer dynamics of donor-substituted truxenones

    J. Köhler, T. Quast, J. Buback, I. Fischer, T. Brixner, P. Nuernberger, B. Geiß, J. Mager, C. Lambert

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2012, 14, 11081-11089. [PDF]


    Localization/Delocalization of Charges in Bay-Linked Perylene Bisimides

    W. Jiang, C. Xiao, L. Hao, Z. Wang, H. Ceymann,
    C. Lambert, S. Di Motta, F. Negri

    Chem. Eur. J. 2012, 18, 6764-6775. [PDF]


    Organic Mixed-Valence Compounds: A Playground for Electrons and Holes.

    A. Heckmann, C. Lambert,

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 2012, 51, 326-392. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 2012, 124, 334-404. [PDF]


    Squaraine Dyes as Efficient Coupling Bridges between Triarylamine Redox Centres.

    S. F. Völker, M. Renz, M. Kaupp, C. Lambert,

    Chem. Eur. J. 2011, 17, 14147-14163. [PDF]


    Computational and spectroscopic studies of organic mixed-valence compounds: where is the charge?

    M. Kaupp, M. Renz, M. Parthey, M. Stolte, F. Würthner, C. Lambert,

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2011, 13(38), 16973-16986. [PDF]


    Unexpected Generation of Diastereomers by Double Diboration of a Dialkyne.

    F. Bauer, H. Braunschweig, K. Gruß, C. Lambert, K. K. Pandey, K. Radacki, D. Reitzenstein,

    Chem.-Eur. J. 2011, 17, 5230-5233. [PDF]


    Paracyclophanes as Model Compounds for Strongly Interacting p-Systems, Part 3: Influence of the Substitution Pattern on Photoabsorption Properties.

    J. Pfister, C. Schon, W. Roth, C. Kaiser, C. Lambert, K. Gruss, H. Braunschweig, I. Fischer, R. F. Fink, B. Engels,

    J. Phys. Chem. A 2011, 115, 3583-3591. [PDF]


    Electrochemical and optical characterization of triarylamine functionalized gold nanoparticles.

    C. I. Müller, C. Lambert,

    Langmuir 2011, 27, 5029-5039. [PDF]


    Towards Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons with a Singlet Open-Shell Ground State.

    C. Lambert,

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 2011, 50, 1756-1758. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 2011, 123, 1794-1796. [PDF]


    Design and synthesis of Raman reporter molecules for tissue imaging by immuno-SERS microscopy.

    M. Schütz, C. I. Müller, M. Salehi, C. Lambert, S. Schlücker,

    J. Biophotonics 2011, 4, 453-463. [PDF, not Uni-Wue]


    Polymeric Squaraine Dyes as Electron Donors in Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells.

    S. F. Völker, S. Uemura, M. Limpinsel, M. Mingebach, C. Deibel, V. Dyakonov, C. Lambert,

    Macromol. Chem. Phys. 2010, 211, 1098-1108. [PDF]


    Synthesis and Electron Transfer Characteristics of a Neutral, Low-Band-Gap, Mixed-Valence Polyradical.

    D. Reitzenstein, T. Quast, F. Kanal, M. Kullmann, S. Ruetzel, M. S. Hammer, C. Deibel, V. Dyakonov, T. Brixner, C. Lambert,

    Chem. Mater. 2010, 22, 6641–6655. [PDF]


    A Reliable Quantum-Chemical Protocol for the Characterization of Organic Mixed-Valence Compounds.

    M. Renz, K. Theilacker, C. Lambert, M. Kaupp,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 16292–16302. [PDF]


    Localized versus Backbone Fluorescence in N-p-(Diarylboryl)phenyl-Substituted 2,7- and 3,6-Linked Polycarbazoles.

    D. Reitzenstein, C. Lambert,

    Macromolecules 2009, 42, 773-782. [PDF]


    Mixed-valence interactions in triarylamine-gold-nanoparticle conjugates.

    C. I. Müller, C. Lambert, M. Steeger, F. Forster, M. Wiessner, A. Schöll, F. Reinert, M. Kamp,

    Chem. Commun. 2009, 41, 6213-6215. [PDF]


    Electron Paramagnetic Resonance Spectroscopy of Bis(triarylamine) Paracyclophanes as Model Compounds for the Intermolecular Charge-Transfer
    in Solid State Materials for Optoelectronic Applications.

    D. R. Kattnig, B. Mladenova, G. Grampp, C. Kaiser, A. Heckmann, C. Lambert,

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, 2983-2995. [PDF]


    Highly Fluorescent Open-Shell NIR Dyes: The Time-Dependence of Back Electron Transfer in Triarylamine-Perchlorotriphenylmethyl Radicals.

    A. Heckmann, S. Dümmler, J. Pauli, M. Margraf, J. Köhler, D. Stich, C. Lambert, I. Fischer, U. Resch-Genger,

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2009, 113, 20958-20966. [PDF]


    A Small Cationic Donor-Acceptor Iridium-Complex With a Long-Lived Charge-Separated State.

    B. Geiß, C. Lambert,

    Chem. Commun. 2009, 1670-1672. [PDF]


    Quantum Study of the Absorption Spectroscopy of Bis(triarylamine) Radical Cations.

    J. Seibt, A. Schaumlöffel, C. Lambert, V. Engel,

    J. Phys. Chem. A 2008, 112, 10178-10184. [PDF]


    Electronic Structure and Properties of Poly- and Oligoazulenes.

    G. Nöll, C. Lambert, M. Lynch, M. Porsch, J. Daub,

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112, 2156-2164. [PDF]


    Symmetry-dependent solvation of donor-substituted triarylboranes.

    U. Megerle, F. Selmaier, C. Lambert, E. Riedle, S. Lochbrunner,

    Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2008, 10, 6245-6251. [PDF]


    Femtosecond dynamics of electron transfer in a neutral organic mixed-valence compound.

    R. Maksimenka, M. Margraf, J. Koehler, A. Heckmann, C. Lambert, I. Fischer,

    Chem. Phys. 2008, 347, 436-445. [PDF]


    Photoinduced charge separation and recombination in acridine-triarylamine-based redox cascades.

    M. Holzapfel, C. Lambert,

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2008, 112, 1227-1243. [PDF]


    Axially Chiral beta,beta'-Bisporphyrins: Synthesis and Configurational Stability Tuned by the Central Metals.

    G. Bringmann, D. C. G. Gotz, T. A. M. Gulder, T. H. Gehrke, T. Bruhn, T. Kupfer, K. Radacki, H. Braunschweig, A. Heckmann, C. Lambert,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2008, 130, 17812-17825. [PDF]

    Synthesis and Structure of a Ferrocenylboron Dication.

    H. Braunschweig, M. Kaupp, C. Lambert, D. Nowak, K. Radacki, S. Schinzel, K. Uttinger,

    Inorg. Chem. 2008, 47, 7456-7458. [PDF]

    Charge resonance excitations in 1,3-bis [di(4-methoxyphenyl)amino]azulene radical cations.

    G. Nöll, S. Amthor, M. Avola, C. Lambert, J. Daub,

    J. Phys. Chem. C 2007, 111, 3512-3516. [PDF]


    Neutral organic mixed-valence compounds: Synthesis and all-optical evaluation of electron-transfer parameters.

    A. Heckmann, C. Lambert,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 5515-5527. [PDF]

    Electrochemistry and photophysics of donor-substituted triarylboranes: symmetry breaking in ground and excited state.

    R. Stahl, C. Lambert, C. Kaiser, R. Wortmann, R. Jakober,

    Chem.-Eur. J. 2006, 12, 2358-2370. [PDF]


    Synthesis and Spectroscopic Properties of a Hexapyrenylbenzene Derivative.

    D. Rausch, C. Lambert,

    Org. Lett. 2006, 8, 5037-5040. [PDF]


    Conducting Polymers Based on Alkylthiopyrroles.

    H. Li, C. Lambert, R. Stahl,

    Macromolecules 2006, 39, 2049-2055. [PDF]


    Electron-rich tetrathiafulvalene-triarylamine conjugates: synthesis and redox properties.

    H. Li, C. Lambert,

    Chem.-Eur. J. 2006, 12, 1144-1155. [PDF]


    Heterogeneous electron transfer processes in triarylamine- and ferrocene-based self-assembled monolayers.

    C. Lambert, V. Kriegisch, A. Terfort, B. Zeysing,

    J. Electroanal. Chem. 2006, 590, 32-36. [PDF]


    Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Processes in Self-Assembled Monolayers of Amine Terminated Conjugated Molecular Wires.

    C. Lambert, V. Kriegisch,      

    Langmuir 2006, 22, 8807-8812. [PDF]


    Mulliken-Hush analysis of a bis(triarylamine) mixed-valence system with a N×××N distance of 28.7 .A.

    A. Heckmann, C. Lambert, S. Amthor,

    Chem. Commun. 2006, 2959-2961. [PDF]


    Excited Mixed-Valence States of Symmetrical Donor-Acceptor-Donor pi-Systems.

    S. Amthor, C. Lambert, S. Duemmler, I. Fischer, J. Schelter,

    J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110, 5204-5214. [PDF]

    Dications of Bis-triarylamino-[2.2]paracyclophanes: Evaluation of Excited State Couplings by GMH Analysis.

    S. Amthor, C. Lambert,

    J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110, 3495-3504. [PDF]


    [2.2]paracyclophane-bridged mixed-valence compounds: Application of a generalized Mulliken-Hush three-level model.

    S. Amthor, C. Lambert,

    J. Phys. Chem. A 2006, 110, 1177-1189. [PDF]

    Two-photon absorption of bis[4-(N,N-diphenylamino)phenylethynyl]arenes.

    B. Strehmel, S. Amthor, J. Schelter, C. Lambert,

    ChemPhysChem 2005, 6, 893-896. [PDF]

    3,4-Methylenedithiopyrrole: convenient synthesis and application as a novel monomer for electroactive polymers.

    H. Li, C. Lambert,

    J. Mater. Chem. 2005, 15, 1235-1237. [PDF]

    Photoinduced charge transfer processes along triarylamine redox cascades.

    C. Lambert, J. Schelter, T. Fiebig, D. Mank, A. Trifonov,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 10600-10610. [PDF]

    Electronic coupling in tetraanisylarylenediamine mixed-valence systems: The interplay between bridge energy and geometric factors.

    C. Lambert, C. Risko, V. Coropceanu, J. Schelter, S. Amthor, N. E. Gruhn, J. C. Durivage, J.-L. Bredas,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2005, 127, 8508-8516. [PDF]

    Hexaarylbenzenes - Prospects for toroidal delocalization of charge and energy.

    C. Lambert,        

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 2005, 44, 7337-7339. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 2005, 117, 7503–7505. [PDF]

    Synthesis and linear optical properties of tris(catecholato)metal(III,IV) complexes with acceptor-substituted ligands.

    V. Kriegisch, C. Lambert,

    Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2005, 4509-4515. [PDF]


    Self-assembled monolayers of chromophores on gold surfaces.

    V. Kriegisch, C. Lambert,

    Top. Curr. Chem. 2005, 258, 257-313. [PDF]


    Excited-state dynamics in a neutral organic mixed-valence compound.

    S. Dümmler, W. Roth, I. Fischer, A. Heckmann, C. Lambert,

    Chem. Phys. Lett. 2005, 408, 264-268. [PDF]


    UV/Vis/NIR spectral properties of triarylamines and their corresponding radical cations.

    S. Amthor, B. Noller, C. Lambert,

    Chem. Phys. 2005, 316, 141-152. [PDF]

    How Delocalized is N,N,N',N'-Tetraphenylphenylenediamine Radical Cation? An Experimental and Theoretical Study on the Electronic and Molecular Structure.

    A. V. Szeghalmi, M. Erdmann, V. Engel, M. Schmitt, S. Amthor, V. Kriegisch, G. Nöll, R. Stahl, C. Lambert, D. Leusser, D. Stalke, M. Zabel,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 7834-7845. [PDF]


    Crystal, Molecular and Electronic Structure of N,N'-Diphenyl-N,N'-bis(2,4-dimethylphenyl)-(1,1'-biphenyl)-4,4'-diamine and the Corresponding Radical Cation.

    P. J. Low, M. A. J. Paterson, H. Puschmann, A. E. Goeta, J. A. K. Howard, C. Lambert, J. C. Cherryman, D. R. Tackley, S. Leeming, B. Brown,

    Chem.-Eur. J. 2004, 10, 83-91. [PDF]


    From Valence Trapped to Valence Delocalized by Bridge State Modification in Bis(triarylamine) Radical Cations: Evaluation of Coupling Matrix Elements in a
    Three-Level System.

    C. Lambert, S. Amthor, J. Schelter,

    J. Phys. Chem. A 2004, 108, 6474-6486. [PDF]


    Synthesis and Photophysics of a Neutral Organic Mixed-Valence Compound.

    A. Heckmann, C. Lambert, M. Goebel, R. Wortmann,

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 2004, 43, 5851-5856. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 2004, 116, 5976–5981. [PDF]


    Electronic Couplings in Organic Mixed-Valence Compounds: The Contribution of Photoelectron Spectroscopy.

    V. Coropceanu, N. E. Gruhn, S. Barlow, C. Lambert, J. C. Durivage, T. G. Bill, G. Nöll, S. R. Marder, J.-L. Brédas,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 2727-2731. [PDF]

    Synthesis and Ligand Properties of Thianthrenophane.

    S. Amthor, C. Lambert, D. Leusser, D. Stalke, B. Graser,

    Org. Biomol. Chem. 2004, 2, 2897-2901. [PDF]


    Femtosecond probing of the excited state absorption and structural relaxation in biphenyl derivatives.

    D. Mank, M. Raytchev, S. Amthor, C. Lambert, T. Fiebig,

    Chem. Phys. Lett. 2003, 376, 201-206. [PDF]

    Highly substituted azulene dyes as multifunctional NLO and electron-transfer compounds.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll, V. Kriegisch, M. Zabel, F. Hampel, E. Schmälzlin, C. Bräuchle, K. Meerholz,

    Chem.-Eur. J. 2003, 9, 4232-4239. [PDF]

    Intervalence charge-transfer bands in triphenylamine-based polymers.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll,

    Synth. Met. 2003, 139, 57-62. [PDF]


    Concerted Two-Electron Transfer Processes in Mixed Valence Species with Square Topology.

    C. Lambert,

    ChemPhysChem 2003, 4, 877-880. [PDF]


    Origin of High Second- and Third-Order Nonlinear Optical Response in Ammonio/Borato Diphenylpolyene Zwitterions:
    the Remarkable Role of Polarized Aromatic Groups.

    V. M. Geskin, C. Lambert, J.-L. Bredas,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2003, 125, 15651-15658. [PDF]

    Charge-Transfer Transitions in Triarylamine Mixed-Valence Systems: The Effect of Temperature.

    V. Coropceanu, C. Lambert, G. Nöll, J.-L. Brédas,

    Chem. Phys. Lett. 2003, 373, 153-160. [PDF]


    Two-Photon States in Squaraine Monomers and Oligomers.

    D. Scherer, R. Dörfler, A. Feldner, T. Vogtmann, M. Schwoerer, U. Lawrentz, W. Grahn, C. Lambert,

    Chem. Phys. 2002, 279, 179-207. [PDF]


    Bridge-mediated hopping or superexchange electron-transfer processes in bis(triarylamine) systems.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll, J. Schelter,

    Nat. Mater. 2002, 1, 69-73. [PDF]


    Tuning of intervalence charge transfer energies by substituents in one-dimensional bis(triarylamine) systems.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll,

    J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 2002, 2039-2043. [PDF]


    Optically and thermally induced electron transfer pathways in hexakis[4-(N,N-diarylamino)phenyl]benzene derivatives.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll,

    Chem.-Eur. J. 2002, 8, 3467-3477. [PDF]


    Organic mixed valence compounds with N,N-dihydrodimethylphenazine redox centres.

    M. Holzapfel, C. Lambert, C. Selinka, D. Stalke,

    J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 2002, 1553-1561. [PDF]


    Multidimensional Electron Transfer Pathways in a Tetrahedral Tetrakis{4-[N,N-di(4-methoxyphenyl)amino]phenyl}Phosphonium Salt:
    One-Step vs Two-Step Mechanism.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll, F. Hampel,

    J. Phys. Chem. A 2001, 105, 7751-7758. [PDF]


    Cationic pi-electron systems with high quadratic hyperpolarisability.

    C. Lambert, W. Gaschler, G. Nöll, M. Weber, E. Schmälzlin, C. Bräuchle, K. Meerholz,

    J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 2001, 964-974. [PDF]


    Heterocyclic quinones as core units for redox switches: UV–vis/NIR, FTIR spectroelectrochemistry and DFT calculations on the vibrational
    and electronic structure of the radical anions.

    M. Büschel, C. Stadler, C. Lambert, J. Daub,

    J. Electroanal. Chem. 2000, 484, 24-32. [PDF]


    The Class II/III Transition in Triarylamine Redox Systems.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1999, 121, 8434-8442. [PDF]


    Linear and Nonlinear Optical Properties of Arene-Fe-Cp+-Complexes.

    C. Lambert, W. Gaschler, M. Zabel, R. Matschiener, R. Wortmann,

    J. Organomet. Chem. 1999, 592, 109-114. [PDF]


    Subchromophore interactions in tricyanovinyl-substituted triarylamines-a combined experimental and computational study.

    C. Lambert, W. Gaschler, E. Schmälzlin, K. Meerholz, C. Bräuchle,

    J. Chem. Soc., Perkin Trans. 2 1999, 577-588. [PDF]


    Are Anionic [3 + 2] Cycloadditions Stepwise or Concerted? An ab initio Computational Study on the Cycloaddition of Allyl, 2-Borylallyl,
    and 2-Azaallyl Lithium to Ethylene.

    F. Neumann, C. Lambert, P. v. R. Schleyer,

    J. Am. Chem. Soc. 1998, 120, 3357-3370. [PDF]


    Synthesis and nonlinear optical properties of three-dimensional phosphonium ion chromophores.

    C. Lambert, E. Schmälzlin, K. Meerholz, C. Bräuchle,

    Chem.-Eur. J. 1998, 4, 512-521. [PDF]


    Synthesis, (non)linear optical and redox properties of a donor-substituted truxenone derivative.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll, E. Schmälzlin, K. Meerholz, C. Bräuchle,

    Chem.-Eur. J. 1998, 4, 2129-2135. [PDF]


    One- and two-dimensional electron transfer processes in triarylamines with multiple redox centres.

    C. Lambert, G. Nöll,

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1998, 37, 2107-2110. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 1998, 110, 2239-2242. [PDF]


    Polarised π-Electron Systems in a Chemically Generated Electric Field: Second Order Nonlinear Optical Properties of Ammonium/Borate Zwitterions.

    C. Lambert, S. Stadler, G. Bourhill, C. Bräuchle,

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1996, 35, 644-646. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 1996, 108, 710-712. [PDF]


    Solid-State and Electronic Structure of Benzoxazol-2-ylidene-triphenylborane Complex.

    C. Lambert, I. Lopez-Solera, P. R. Raithby,

    Organometallics 1996, 15, 452-455. [PDF]


    The First Solid State Structure of a Mixed Anionic ROLi/LiOH Compound: (tBuOLi)10.(LiOH)6.

    C. Lambert, F. Hampel, P. v. R. Schleyer, M. G. Davidson, R. Snaith,

    J. Organomet. Chem. 1995, 487, 139-141. [PDF]


    Molecular Aggregation of Metallated Organics by Hydrogen Bonding: Synthesis and Crystal Structures of 2-Aminophenoxy-aluminium
    and Salen-aluminium Ligand-separated Ion Pairs.

    M. G. Davidson, C. Lambert, I. Lopez-Solera, P. R. Raithby, R. Snaith,

    Inorg. Chem. 1995, 34, 3765-3779. [PDF]


    Are Polar Organometallics "Carbanions"? The Gegenion Effect on Structure and Energies of Alkali-Metal Compounds.

    C. Lambert, P. v. R. Schleyer,

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1994, 33, 1129-1140. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 1994, 106, 1187-1199. [PDF]


    Charge Localization by the Gegenion: the Electronic Structure and Energies of the Alkali Metal Acetaldehyde Enolates.

    C. Lambert, Y. D. Wu, P. v. R. Schleyer,

    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1993, 255-256. [PDF]


    Experimental and Theoretical Investigations on the Structure and Reactivity of a-Lithiomethoxyallene and its Grignard Analog.

    C. Lambert, P. v. R. Schleyer, E. U. Würthwein,

    J. Org. Chem. 1993, 58, 6377-6389. [PDF]


    "Inverted" Sodium-Lithium Electronegativity: Polarity and Metalation Energies of Organic and Inorganic Alkali-Metal Compounds.

    C. Lambert, M. Kaupp, P. v. R. Schleyer,

    Organometallics 1993, 12, 853-859. [PDF]


    X-ray diffraction studies of polymeric lithiobenzotriazole · DMSO and lithiotetrazole · DMSO: from b-sheet to wash-board structures.

    C. Lambert, F. Hampel, P. v. R. Schleyer,

    J. Organomet. Chem. 1993, 455, 29-35. [PDF]


    The Sesquimetallated Lithium Cluster Resulting from the Reaction of a Diprotonic NH/OH Acid with n-Butyllithium.

    C. Lambert, F. Hampel, P. v. R. Schleyer,

    J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Commun. 1993, 1773-1774. [PDF]

    A Water-Complexed Organolithium Compound: [LiCH(CN)2 · H2O · TMEDA].

    C. Lambert, P. v. R. Schleyer, U. Pieper, D. Stalke,

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1992, 31, 77-79. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 1992, 104, 78-79. [PDF]


    Polymeric [N-Lithiobenzimidazole(DMSO)2]: The Crystal Structure and Ab Initio Calculations.

    C. Lambert, P. v. R. Schleyer, M. G. Newton, P. Otto, P. Schreiner,

    Z. Naturforsch., B: Chem. Sci. 1992, 47, 869-676.


    A Novel Six-Center Deprotonation-Lithiation Reaction Mechanism Supported by the X-Ray Structure Analysis of a Lithium Carbazolide.

    C. Lambert, F. Hampel, P. v. R. Schleyer,

    Angew. Chem., Int. Ed. Engl. 1992, 31, 1209-1210. [PDF] Angew. Chem. 1992, 104, 1242-1244. [PDF]

    Book Sections

    PDF copies available on request


    Chapter 7: Triarylamine-Based Organic Mixed-Valence Compounds: The Role of the Bridge

    C. Lambert

    in Organic Redox Systems (ed.: T Nishinaga), John Wiley & Sons, Inc., Hoboken, New Jersey, 2016


    Symmetry Dependent Solvation of Donor-Substituted Triarylboranes.

    U. Megerle, C. Lambert, E. Riedle, S. Lochbrunner,

    in Ultrafast Phenomena XVI, Vol. 92 (Eds.: P. Corkum, S. Silvestri, K. A. Nelson, E. Riedle, R. W. Schoenlein), Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 2009, pp. 316-318.


    Self-Assembled Monolayers of Chromophores on Gold Surfaces

    V. Kriegisch, C. Lambert,

    in Topics in Current Chemistry Vol. 258, Supramolecular Dye Chemistry (Ed.: F. Würthner), Springer, Berlin Heidelberg, 2005, pp.257-313.


    Thienyl-bridged oligomeric squaraines of the indole series: synthesis and optical properties.

    W. Grahn, U. Lawrentz, D. Scherer, R. Dörfler, A. Feldner, M. Schwoerer, C. Lambert, I. Dix, P. G. Jones,

    in Linear and Nonlinear Optics of Organic Materials, Proceedings of SPIE, Vol. 4461 (Eds.: M. Eich, M. G. Kuzyk), 2001, pp. 33-47.


    Carbanionen - Polare Organo-metall-Verbindungen.

    C. Lambert, P. v. R. Schleyer,

    in Methoden der Organischen Chemie (Houben-Weyl), Vol. E/19d (Ed.: M. Hanack), Thieme, Stuttgart (Germany), 1993, pp. 1-98.


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