Würthner Group: Organic Materials and Nanosystems Chemistry

313  A. Merdasa, À. Jiménez, R. Camacho, M. Meyer, F. Würthner, I. G. Scheblykin
       Nano Lett. 2014, 14, 6774–6781
       Single Lévy States–Disorder Induced Energy Funnels in Molecular Aggregates
       DOI: 10.10214/nl5021188

312  D. Zhang, Y-X. Zhao, Z-Y. Qiao, U. Mayerhöffer, P. Spenst, X-J. Li, F. Würthner,
       H. Wang
       Bioconjugate Chem. 2014, 25, 2021–2029
       Nano-Confined Squaraine Dye Assemblies: New Photoacoustic and Near-Infrared
       Fluorescence Dual-Modular Imaging Probes in Vivo
       DOI: 10.1021/bc5003983

311  M. Son, K. H. Park, C. Shao, F. Würthner, D. Kim
       J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 3601–3607
       Spectroscopic Demonstration of Exciton Dynamics and Excimer Formation in a
       Sterically Controlled Perylene Bisimide Dimer Aggregate
       DOI: 10.1021/jz501953a

310   T. Baumgärtel, S. Rehm, F. Würthner, C. von Borczyskowski, H. Graaf
        Applied Surface Science, 2014, 318, 51–58
        Functional Bisimide Dyes Bound via Electrostatic Interactions to Oxide
        Nanostructures Generated by AFM Lithography
        DOI: 10.1016/j.apsusc.2013.12.094

309   S. Ham, J. Yang, F. Schlosser, F. Würthner, D. Kim
        J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2014, 5, 2830–2835
        Reconstruction of the Molecular Structure of a Multichromophoric System Using
        Single-Molecule Defocused Wide-Field Imaging
        DOI: 10.1021/jz501233d

308   A. Zitzler-Kunkel, M. R. Lenze, N. M. Kronenberg, A.-M. Krause, M. Stolte,
        K. Meerholz,
        F.  Würthner
        Chem. Mater. 2014, 26, 4856–4866
        NIR-Absorbing Merocyanine Dyes for BHJ Solar Cells
        DOI: 10.1021/cm502302s

307   A. Zitzler-Kunkel, M. R. Lenze, T. Schnier, K. Meerholz, F. Würthner
        Adv. Funct. Mater. 2014, 24, 4645–4653
        Comparative Studies on Optical, Redox, and Photovoltaic Properties of a Series
        of D–A–D and Analogous D–A Chromophores
        DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201400455

306  S. Winkler, J. Frisch, P. Amsalem, S. Krause, M. Timpel, M. Stolte, F. Würthner,
       N. Koch
       J. Phys. Chem. C 2014, 118, 11731–11737
       Impact of Molecular Dipole Moments on Fermi Level Pinning in Thin Films
       DOI: 10.2021/jp5021615

305  S.-L. Suraru, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2014, 126, 7558–7578; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 7428–7448   
       Strategies for the Synthesis of Functional Naphthalene Diimides
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201309746

304  J. R. Siekierzycka, C. Hippius, F. Würthner, R. M. Williams, A. M. Brouwer
       Chent. Eur. J. Chem. 2014, 12(9), 937–952
       A mulit-property fluorescent probe for the investigation of polymer dynamics near the
       glass transition
       DOI: 10.2478/s11532-014-0544-0

303  W. Yue, S.-L. Suraru, D. Bialas, M. Müller, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2014, 126, 6273–6276; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 6259–6162
       Synthesis and Properties of a New Class of Fully Conjugated Azahexacene
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201403227

302  A. Schubert, M. Falge, M. Kess, V. Settels, S. Lochbrunner, W. T. Strunz,
       F. Würthner
       B. Engels, V. Engel
       J. Phys. Chem. A, 2014, 118, 1403–1412
       Theoretical Analysis of the Relaxation Dynamics in Perylene Bisimide Dimers Excited
       by Femtosecond Laser Pulses
       DOI: 10.1021/jp412166a

301  H. Liu, X. Cao, Y. Wu, Q. Liao, A. Jiménez, F. Würthner, H. Fu
       Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 4620–4623
       Self-assembly of octochloroperylene diimide into 1D rods and 2 D plates by
       manipulating the growth kinetics for waveguide applications
       DOI: 10.1039/C3CC49343A

300  S. Yagai, K. Iwai, M. Yamauchi, T. Karatsu, A. Kitamura, S. Uemura, M. Morimoto
       H. Wang, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2014, 126, 2640–2644; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 2602–2606
       Photocontrol Over Self-Assembled Nanostructure of pi–pi Stacked Dyes Supported
       by the Parallel Conformer of Diarylethene
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201310773

299  F. Würthner
       Nature Chemistry, 2014, 6, 171–173
       Supramolecular Polymerization: Living it up
       DOI: 10.1038/nchem.1863

298  A. Issac, R. Hildner, C. Hippius, F. Würthner, J. Köhler
       ACS Nano, 2014, 8, 2, 1708–1717
       Stepwise Decrease of Fluorescence versus Sequential Photobleaching in a Single
       Multichromophoric System
       DOI: 10.1021/nn4060946

297  Z. Xie, V. Stepanenko, B. Fimmel, F. Würthner
       Mater. Horiz., 2014, 1, 355-359      
       An organogelator design without solubilizing side chains by backbone contortion of a
       perylene bisimide pigment
                 DOI: 10.1039/C3MH00159H

296  M. Gsänger, E. Kirchner, M. Stolte, C. Burschka, V. Stepenenko, J. Pflaum,
       F. Würthner
       J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 136, 2351–2362
       High-Performance Organic Thin-Film Transistors of J-Stacked Squaraine Dyes

 295 X. Zhang, D. Görl, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2014, 126, 1294–1298; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2014, 53, 1270–1274
       Hierarchical Growth of Fluorescent Dye Aggregates in Water by Fusion of Segmented
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201308963

294  C. Wetzel, A. Mishra, E. Mena-Osteritz, A. Liess, M. Stolte, F. Würthner, P. Bäuerle
       Org. Lett. 2014, 16, 362–365
       Synthesis and Structural Analysis of Thiophene-Pyrrole-Based S,N-Heteroacenes
       DOI: 10.1021/ol403153z

293  S-L. Suraru, C. Burschka, F. Würthner
       J. Org. Chem. 2014, 79, 128–139
       Diindole-Annulated Naphthalene Diimides: Synthesis and Optical and Electronic
       Properties of Syn- and Anti-Isomers
       DOI: 10/1021/jo402365s

292  A. J. Jiménez, M-J. Lin, C. Burschka, J. Becker, V. Settels, B. Engels, F. Würthner
       Chem. Sci. 2014, 5, 608–619
       Structure–property relationships for 1,7-diphenoxy-perylene bisimides in solution
       and in the solid state
       DOI: 10.1039/c3sc52344f

291  F-P. Gao, Y-X. Lin. L-L. Li, Y. Liu, U. Mayerhöffer, P. Spenst, J-G. Su, J-Y. Li,
       F. Würthner,  H. Wang
       Biomaterials, 2014, 35, 1004–1014
       Supramolecular adducts of squaraine and protein for noninvasive tumor imaging and
       photothermal therapy in vivo
       DOI: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2013.10.039

290  W. Yue, T. He, M. Stolte, M. Gsänger, F. Würthner
       Chem. Commun. 2014, 50, 545–547
       Cyanated isoindigos for n-tpye and ambipolar organic thin film transistors
       DOI: 10.1039/c3cc48037b

289  F. Fennel, S. Wolter, Z. Xie, P-A. Plötz, O. Kühn, F. Würthner, S. Lochbrunner
       J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 18722–18725
       Biphasic Self-Assemply Pathways and Size-Dependent Photophysical Properties of
       Perylene Bisimide Dye Aggregates
       DOI: 10.1021/ja409597x

288  T. He, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
       Adv. Mater. 2013, 25, 6951–6955
       Air-Stable n-Channel Organic Single Crystal Field-Effect Transistors Based on
       Microribbons of Core-Chlorinated Naphthalene Diimide
       DOI: 10.1002/adma.201303392

287  R. Hofmockel, U. Zschieschang, U. Kraft, R. Rödel, N. H. Hansen, M. Stolte,
       F. Würthner, K. Takimiya, K. Kern, J. Pflaum, H. Klauk      
       Org. Electr.
2013, 14, 3213–3221
       High-mobility organic thin-film transistors based on a small-molecule semiconductor
       deposited in vacuum and by solution shearing
       DOI: 10.1016/j.orgel.2013.09.003

286  S. Sengupta, F. Würthner
       Acc. Chem. Res. 2013, 46, 2498–2512
       Chlorophyll J-Aggregates: From Bioinspired Dye Stacks to Nanotubes,
       Liquid Crystals, and Biosupramolecular Electronics
       DOI: 10.1021/ar400017u

285  S. Krause, M. Stolte, F. Würthner, N. Koch
       J. Phys. Chem. C, 2013, 117, 19031–19037
       Influence of Merocyanine Molecular Dipole Moments on the Valence Levels in Thin
       Films and the Interface Energy Level Alignment with Au(111)
       DOI: 10.1021/jp4060395l

284  C. Lin, V. Stepanenko, M-J. Lin, W. Hong, F. Würthner, T. Wandlowski
        Phys. Status Solidi B, 2013, 250, 2458–2467
        Charge Transport through Perylene Bisimide Molecular Junctions:
        An electrochemical Approach
        DOI: 10.1002/pssb.201350034

283  K. Mahata, P. D. Frischmann, F. Würthner
       J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2013, 135, 15656–15661
       Giant Electroactive M4L6 Tetrahedral Host Self-Assembled with Fe(II) Vertices and
       Perylene Bisimide Dye Edges
       DOI: 10.1021/ja/4083039

282  C. Shao,  M. Stolte, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2013, 125, 10657–10661;
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
2013, 52, 10463–10467
       Backbone-Directed Perylene Dye Self-Assembly into Oligomer
       DOI: 10.1002/ange.201305894

281  P. D. Frischmann, F. Würthner
       Org. Lett. 2013, 15, 4674–4677
       Synthesis of a Non-aggregating Bay-Unsubstituted Perylene Bisimide Dye with
       Latent Bromo Groups for C–C Cross Coupling
       DOI: 10.1021/ol401946g

280  M-J. Lin, M. Schulze, K. Radacki, F. Würthner
       Chem. Commun. 2013, 49, 9107–9109
       Transition Metal Complexes of Axially Chiral Tetrathioether Bay-Substituted Perylene
       Bisimide Dyes
       DOI: 10.1039/c3cc45351k

279  X. Zhang, D. Görl, F. Würthner
       Chem. Commun. 2013, 49, 8178–8180
       White-Light Emitting Dye Micelles in Aqueous Solution
       DOI: 10.1039/c3cc44875d

278  M. Grünewald, R. Göckeritz, N. Homonnay, F. Würthner, L. W. Molenkamp,
       G. Schmidt
       Phys. Rev. B. 2013, 88, 085319-1–085319-11
       Vertical Organic Spin Valves in Perpendicular Magnetic Fields
       DOI: 10.1103/PhysRevB.88.085319

277  S. Geib, U. Zschieschang, M. Gsänger, M. Stolte, F. Würthner, H. Wadepohl,
       H. Klauk, L. H. Gade
       Adv. Funct. Mater. 2013, 23, 3866–3874
       Core-Brominated Tetraazaperopyrenes as n-Channel Semiconductors for
       Organic Complementary Circuits on Flexible Substrates
       DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201203600

276  J-E. Lee, V. Stepanenko, J. Yang, H. Yoo, F. Schlosser, D. Bellinger, B. Engels,
       I. G. Scheblykin, F. Würthner, D. Kim
       ACS Nano, 2013, 7, 5064–5076
       Structure - Property Relationship of Perylene Bisimide Macrocycles Probed by
       Atomic Force Microscopy and Single-Molecule Fluorescence Spectroscopy
       DOI: 10.1021/nn400616u

275  V. Steinmann, T. E. Umbach, M. Schädel, J. Krumrain, M. R. Lenze,
       H. Bürckstümmer,
       F. Würthner, K. Meerholz
       Organic Electronics, 2013, 14, 2029–2033
       An efficient merocyanine/zinc phthalocyanine tandem solar cell
       DOI: 10.1016/j.orgel.2013.03.032

274  C. Shao, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2013, 125, 7630–7634; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2013, 52, 7482–7486
       Quadruple pi Stacks of Two Perylene Bisimide Tweezers: A Bimolecular Complex
       with Kinetic Stability
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201302479

273  M. Gründewald, J. Kleinlein, F. Syrowatka, F. Würthner, L. W. Molenkamp
       Organic Electronics, 2013, 14, 2082–2086
       Large room-temperature magnetoresistance in lateral organic spin valves
       fabricated by in situ shadow evaporation
       DOI: 10.1016/j.orgel.2013.04.049

272  S.-L. Suraru, F. Würthner
       J. Org. Chem. 2013, 78, 5227–5238
       Regioselectivity in Sequential Nucleophilic Substitution of Tetrabromonaphthalene
       DOI: 10.1021/jo400320a

271  V. Spampinato, S. Vitale, S. Quici, A. Torris, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner,
        A. Licciardello
       Surf. Interface Anal. 2013, 45, 206–210
       ToF-SIMS of metal-complex-based supramolecular architectures on oxide surfaces
       DOI: 10.1002/sia.5123

270   V. Stepanenko, X-Q. Li, J. Gershberg, F. Würthner
       Chem. Eur. J. 2013, 19, 4176–4183
       Evidence for Kinetic Nucleation in Helical Nanofiber Formation Directed by Chiral
       Solvent for a Perylene Bisimide Organogelator

269  U. Selig, P. Nuernberger, V. Dehm, S. Settels, M. Gsänger, B. Engels,
       F. Würthner, T. Brixner
       ChemPhysChem. 2013, 14 1416–1422
       Similarities and Differences in the Optical Response of Perylene-Based
       Hetero-Bichromophores and Their Monomeric Units
       DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201300062

268  A. Schubert, V. Settels, W. Liu, F. Würthner, C. Meier, R. F. Fink, S. Schindlbeck, S.
       Lochbrunner, B. Engels, V. Engel
       J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2013, 4, 792–796
       Ultrafast Exciton Self-Trapping upon Geometry Deformation in Perylene-Based
       Molecular Aggregates
       DOI: 10.1021/jz4000752

267  A. Zitzler-Kunkel, M. R. Lenze, K. Meerholz, F. Würthner
       Chem. Sci. 2013, 4, 2071–2075
       Enhanced photocurrent generation by folding-driven H-aggregate formation
       DOI: 10.1039/c3sc502633

266  M. Berberich, F. Würthner
       Asian J. Org. Chem. 2013, 2, 250–256
       Tuning the Redox Properties of Photochromic Diarylethenes by Introducing
       Electron-Withdrawing Substituents

265  P. Frischmann, K. Mahata, F. Würthner
       Chem. Soc. Rev. 2013, 42, 1847–1870
       Powering the Future of Molecular Artificial Photosynthesis with Light-Harvesting
       Metallosupramolecular Dye Assemblies
       DOI: 10.1039/c2cs35223k

264  F. Schlosser, M. Moos, C. Lambert, F. Würthner
       Adv. Mater. 2013, 25, 410–414
       Redox-Switchable Intramolecular pi-pi-Stacking of Perylene Bisimide Dyes in
       a Cyclophane
       DOI: 10.1002/adma.201201266

263  U. Mayerhöffer, M. Gsänger, M. Stolte, B. Fimmel, F. Würthner
       Chem. Eur. J. 2013, 19, 218–232
       Synthesis and Molecular Properties of Acceptor-Substituted Squaraine Dyes
       DOI: 10.1002/chem.201202783

262  G. Fernández, M. Stolte, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
       Chem. Eur. J. 2013, 19, 206–217
       Cooperative Supramolecular Polymerization: Comparison of Different Models Applied
       on the Self-Assembly of Bis(merocyanine) Dyes
       DOI: 10.1002/chem.201202679

261  J. M. Lim, P. Kim, M-C. Yoon, J. Sung, V. Dehm, Z. Chen, F. Würthner, D. Kim
       Chem. Sci. 2013, 4, 388–397
       Exciton Delocalization and Dynamics in Helical Pi-Stacks of Self-Assembled Perylene

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