Würthner Group: Organic Materials and Nanosystems Chemistry

370  A. Mishra, T. Rana, A. Looser, M. Stolte, F. Würthner, P. Bäuerle, G. D. Sharma
       J. Mater. Chem. A, 2016, 4, 17344–17353
       High Performance A–D–A Oligothiophene-Based Organic Solar Cells Employing
       Two-Step Annealing and Solution-Processable Copper Thiocyanate (CuSCN)
       as an Interfacial Hole Transporting Layer
       DOI: 10.1039/c6ta07640h

369  M. Stolte, S.-L. Suraru, P. Diemer, T. He, C. Burschka, U. Zschieschang, H. Klauk,
       F. Würthner
       Adv. Funct. Mater. 2016, 26, 7415–7422
       Diketopyrrolopyrrole Organic Thin-Film Transistors: Impact of Alkyl Substituents
       and Tolerance of Ethylhexyl Stereoisomers
       DOI: 10.1002/adfm.201602994

368  S. Seifert, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
       Org. Chem. Front. 2016, 3, 1435–1442
       A Cross-Coupling-Annulation Cascade from Peri-Dibromonaphthalimide to
       Pseudo-Rylene Bisimides
       DOI: 10.1039/c6qo00421k

367  D. Görl, B. Soberats, S. Herbst, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
       Chem. Sci. 2016, 7, 6786–6790
       Perylene Bisimide Hydrogels and Lyotropic Liquid Crystals with Temperature-
       Responsive Color Change
       DOI: 10.1039/c6sc02249a

366  D. Bialas, C. Brüning, F. Schlosser, B. Fimmel, J. Thein, V. Engel, F. Würthner
       Chem. Eur. J. 2016, 22, 15011–15018
       Exciton-Vibrational Couplings in Homo- und Heterodimer Stacks of Perylene Bisimide
       Dyes within Cyclophanes: Studies on Absorption Properties and Theoretical Analysis
       DOI: 10.1002/chem.201603205

365  B. Soberats, U. Mayerhöffer, F. Würthner
       Adv. Optical Mater. 2016, 4, 1186–1189
       Liquid-Crystalline Squaraine Dyes with Anisotropic Absorption of Near Infrared Light
       DOI: 10.1002/adom.201600257

364  P.-A. Plötz, P. Polyutov, S. D. Ivanov, F. Fennel, S. Wolter, T. Niehaus, Z. Xie,
       S. Lochbrunner, F. Würthner, O. Kühn
       Phys.Chem.Chem.Phys. 2016, 18, 25110–25119
       Biphasic Aggregation of a Perylene Bisimide Dye Identified by Exciton-Vibrational

363  D. Bialas, A. Zitzler-Kunkel, E. Kirchner, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
       Nature Commun. 2016, 7, 12949
       Structural and Quantum Chemical Analysis of Exciton Coupling in Homo-
       and Heteroaggregate Stacks of Merocyanines
       DOI: 10.1038/ncomms12949

362  M. Schulze, M. Philipp, W. Waigel, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
       J. Org. Chem. 2016, 81, 8394–8405
       Library of Azabenz-Annulated Core-Extended Perylene Derivatives with Diverse
       Substitution Patterns and Tunable Electronic and Optical Properties
       DOI: 10.1021/acs.joc.6b01573

361  L. Nian, Z. Chen, S. Herbst, Q. Li, C. Yu, X. Jiang, H. Dong, F. Li, L. Liu,
       F. Würthner, J. Chen, Z. Xie, Y. Ma
       Adv. Mater. 2016, 28, 7521–7526
       Aqueous Solution Processed Photoconductive Cathode Interlayer for High
       Performance Polymer Solar Cells with Thick Interlayer and Thick Active Layer
       DOI: 10.1002/adma.201601615

360  D. Görl, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2016, 128, 12273–12277;
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed
. 2016, 55, 12094–12098
       Entropically Driven Self-Assembly of Bolaamphiphilic Perylene Dyes in Water
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201606917     

359  J. Sung, A. Nowak-Król, F. Schlosser, B. Fimmel, W. Kim, D. Kim, F. Würthner
       J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 9029–9032
       Direct Observation of Excimer-Mediated Intramolecular Transfer in a
       Perylene Bisimide Pair
       DOI: 10.1021/jacs.6b04591

358  P. Spenst, R. M. Young, M. R. Wasielewski, F. Würthner
       Chem. Sci. 2016, 7, 5428–5434
       Guest and Solvent Modulated Photo-Driven Charge Separation and Triplet Generation
       in a Perylene Bisimide Cyclophane
       DOI: 10.1039/c6sc01574c

357  F. Koch, A. Steinbacher, C. Consani, A. Zitzler-Kunkel, M. Stolte, F. Würthner,
       T. Brixner
       Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2016, 18, 19820–19831
       The Role of the Dipolar Neighborhood on the Relaxation Dynamics of
       Multichromophoric Merocyanine
       DOI: 10.1039/c6cp02437h

356  M. Schulze, V. Kunz, P. D. Frischmann, F. Würthner
       Nature Chemistry, 2016, 8 , 576–583
       A Supramolecular Ruthenium Macrocycle with High Catalytic Activity for Water
       Oxidation that Mechanically Mimics Photosystem II
       DOI: 10.1038/NCHRM.2503

355  M. Gsänger, D. Bialas, L. Huang, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
       Adv. Mater. 2016, 28, 3615–3645
       Organic Semiconductors based on Dyes and Color Pigments
       DOI: 10.1002/adma.201505440

354  F. Würthner
       Acc. Chem. Res. 2016, 49, 868–876
       Dipole-Dipole Interaction Driven Self-Assembly of Merocyanine Dyes: From
       Dimers to Nanoscale Objects and Supramolecular Materials

353  S. Seifert, K. Shoyama, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2016, 128, 6500–6505; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2016, 55, 6390–6395
       An Electron-Poor C64 Nanographene by Palladium-Catalyzed Cascade C–C Bond
       Formation: One-Pot Synthesis and Single-Crystal Structure Analysis

352  K. Wilma, A. Issac, Z. Chen, F. Würthner, R. Hildner, J. Köhler
       J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2016, 7, 1478–1483
       Tracing Single Electrons in a Disordered Polymer Film at Room Temparature
       DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpclett.6b00446

351  A. Nowak-Król, R. Wagener, F. Kraus, A. Mishra, P. Bäuerle, F. Würthner
       Org. Chem. Front. 2016, 3, 545–555
       Modulation of Band Gap and p- Verus n-Semidoncuctor Character of ADA Dyes by
       Core and Acceptor Group Variation
       DOI: 10.1039/c6qo00046k

350  P. Leowanawat, A. Nowak-Król, F. Würthner
       Org. Chem. Front. 2016, 3, 537–544
       Tetramethoxy-Bay-Substituted Perylene Bisimide by Copper-Mediated Cross-Coupling
       DOI: 10.1039/c6qo00047a

349  D. Bialas, E. Kirchner, F. Würthner
       Chem. Commun. 2016, 52, 3777–3790
       Folding-Induced Exciton Coupling in Homo- and Heterodimers of Merocyanine Dyes
       DOI: 10.1039/c6cc00221h

348  F. Würthner, C. R. Saha-Möller, B. Fimmel, S. Ogi, P. Leowanawat, D. Schmidt
       Chem. Rev. 2016, 116, 962–1052
       Perylene Bisimide Dye Assemblies as Archetype Functional Supramolecular
       DOI: 10.1021/acs.chemrev.5b00188

347  J. Gershberg, F. Fennel, T. H. Rehm, S. Lochbrunner, F. Würthner
       Chem. Sci. 2016, 7, 1729–1737
       Anti-Cooperative Supramolecular Polymerization: A New K2–K Model Applied to the
       Self-Assembly of Perylene Bisimide Dye Proceeding Via Well-Defined Hydrogen-
       Bonded Dimers
       DOI: 10.1039/c5sc03759j

346  A. Arjona-Esteban, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2016, 128, 2516–2519; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2016, 55, 2470–2473
       Conformational Switching of pi-Conjugated Junctions from Merocyanine to Cyanine
       States by Solvent Polarity
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201510620

345  S. Ogi, V. Stepanenko, J. Thein, F. Würthner
       J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2016, 138, 670–678
       Impact of Alkyl Spacer Length on Aggregation Pathways in Kinetically Controlled
       Supramolecular Polymerization
       DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b11674

344  A. Liess, M. Stolte, T. He, F. Würthner
       Mater. Horiz. 2016, 3, 72–77
       Single-Crystal Field-Effect Transistors of a Highly Dipolar Merocyanine Dye
       DOI: 10.1039/c6mh00167f

343  A. Nowak-Król, B. Fimmel, M. Son, D. Kim, F. Würthner
       Faraday Discuss. 2015, 185, 507–527
       Photoinduced Electron Transfer (PET) Versus Excimer Formation in Supramolecular
       p/n-Heterojunctions of Perylene Bisimide Dyes and Implications for
       Organic Photovoltaics
       DOI: 10.1039/c5fd00052a

342  D. Schmidt, M. Son, J. M. Lim, M.-J. Lin, I. Krummenacher, H. Braunschweig,
       D. Kim, F. Würthner
Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 14186–14190;
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed
. 2015, 54, 13980–13984
       Perylene Bisimide Radicals and Biradicals: Synthesis and Molecular Properties
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201507039

341  A. Arjona-Esteban, J. Krumrain, A. Liess, M. Stolte, L. Huang, D. Schmidt,
       V. Stepanenko, M. Gsänger, D. Hertel, K. Meerholz, F. Würthner
       J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 13524–13534
       Influence of Solid-State Packing of Dipolar Merocyanine Dyes on Transistor and
       Solar Cell Perfomances
       DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b06722

340  J. Sung, P. Kim, B. Fimmel, F. Würthner, D. Kim
       Nat. Commun. 2015, 6, 8646
       Direct Observation of Ultrafast Coherent Exciton Dynamics in Helical pi-Stacks of Self-
       Assembled Perylene Bisimides
       DOI: 10.1038/ncomms9646

339  Y. Wu, R. M. Young, M. Frasconi, S. T. Schneebeli, P. Spenst, D. M. Gardner,
       K. E. Brown
       F. Würthner, J. Fraser Stoddart, M. R. Wasielewski
       J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 13236–13239
       Ultrafast Photoinduced Symmetry-Breaking Charge Separation and Electron Sharing
       in Perylenediimide Molecular Triangles
       DOI: 10.1021/jacs.5b08386

338  A. Zitzler-Kunkel, E. Kirchner, D. Bialas, C. Simon, F. Würthner
       Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, 14851–14861
       Spacer-Modulated Differentiation Between Self-Assembly and Folding Pathways
       for Bichromophoric Merocyanine Dyes
       DOI: 10.1002/chem.201502434

337  V. Parthasarathy, R. Pandey, M. Stolte, S. Ghosh, F. Castet, F. Würthner,
       P. K. Das, M. Blanchard-Desce
       Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, 14211–14217
       Combination of Cyanine Behaviour and Giant Hyperpolarisability in Novel Merocyanine
       Dyes: Beyond the Bond Lenght Alternation (BLA) Paradigm
       DOI: 10.1002/chem.201501800

336  V. Stepanenko, R. Kandanelli, S. Uemura, F. Würthner, G. Fernández
       Chem. Sci. 2015, 6 5853–5858
       Concentration-Dependent Rhombitrihexagonal Tiling Patterns at the Liquid/
       Solid Interface
       DOI: 10.1039/c5cs00811e

335  A. Lv, M. Stolte, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 10658–10661;
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed.
2015, 54, 10512–10515
       Head-to-Tail Zig-Zag Packing of Dipolar Merocyanine Dyes Affords High-Performance
       Organic Thin-Film Transistors
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201504190

334  Z. Xie, B. Xiao, Z. He, W. Zhang, X. Wu, H. Wu, F. Würthner, X. Wang, F. Xie, L. Liu,
       Y. Ma, W-Y. Wong, Y. Cao
       Mater. Horiz. 2015, 2, 514–518
       Self-Assembled Perylene Bisimide J-Aggregates as Promising Cathode Modiefiers for
       Highly Efficient Inverted Polymer Solar Cells
       DOI: 10.1039/c5mh00056d

333  P. Spenst, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 10303–10306;
       Angew. Chem. Int. Ed
. 2015, 54, 10165–10168
       A Perylene Bisimide Cyclophane as a "Turn-On" and "Turn-Off" Fluorescence Probe

332  C. Brückner, C. Walter, M. Stolte, B. Braïda, K. Meerholz, F. Würthner, B. Engels
      J. Phys. Chem. C, 2015, 119, 17602–17611
      Structure–Property Relationships for Exciton and Charge Reorganization Energies
      of Dipolar Organic Semiconductors: A Combined Valence Bond Self-Consistent
      Field and Time-Dependent Hartree-Fock and DFT Study of Merocyanine Dyes
      DOI: 10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b06206

331  L. Nian, W. Zhang, N. Zhu, L. Liu, Z. Xie, H. Wu, F. Würthner, Y. Ma
       J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 6995–6998
       Photoconductive Cathode Inerlayer for Highly Efficient Inverted Polymer Solar Cells
       DOI: 10.1021.jacs.5b02168

330  P. D. Frischmann, V. Kunz, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 7393–7397; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 7285–7289
       Bright Fluorescent and Host-Guest Sensing with a Nanoscale M4L6 Tetrahedron
       Accessed by Self-Assembly of Zinc-Imine Chelate Vertices and Perylene Bisimide
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201501670

329  M. Son, B. Fimmel, V. Dehm, F. Würthner, D. Kim
       ChemPhysChem, 2015, 16, 1757–1767
       Folding-Induced Modulation of Excited-State Dynamics in an Oligophenylene-
       Ethynylene-Tethered Spiral Perylene Bisimide Aggregate

328  J. Gershberg, M. Radić Stojković, M. Škugor, S. Tomić, T. H. Rehm, S. Rehm,
       C. R. Saha-Möller, I. Piantanida, F. Würthner
       Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, 7886–7895
       Sensing of Double-Stranded DNA/RNA Secondary Structures by Water Soluble
       Homochiral Perylene Bisimide Dyes
       DOI: 10.1002/chem.201500184

327  D. Görl, X. Zhang, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
       Nat. Commun. 2015, 6, 7009
       Supramolecular Block Copolymers by Kinetically Controlled Co-Self-Assembly of
       Planar and Core-Twisted Perylene Bisimides
       DOI: 10.1038/ncomms8009

326  T. Maeda, F. Würthner
       Chem. Commun. 2015, 51, 7661–7664
       Halochromic and Hydrochromic Squaric Acid Functionalized Perylene Bisimide
       DOI: 10.1039/c5cc01691f

325  M. R. Lenze, N. M. Kronenberg, F. Würthner, K. Meerholz
       Organic Electronics, 2015, 21, 171–176
       In-situ Modification of PEDOT: PSS Work Function Using Alkyl Alcohols as
       Secondary Processing Solvents and Their Impact on Merocyanine Based
       Bulk Heterojunction Solar Cells
       DOI: 10.1016/j.orgel.2015.03.008

324  C. Poelking, M. Tietze, C. Elschner, S. Olthof, D. Hertel, B. Baumeier, F. Würthner,
       K. Meerholz, K. Leo, D. Andrienko
       Nat. Mater. 2015, 14, 434–439
       Impact of Mesoscale Order on Open-Circuit Voltage in Organic Solar Cells
       DOI: 10.1038/NMAT4167

323  S. Ogi, V. Stepanenko, K. Sugiyasu, M. Takeuchi, F. Würthner
       J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2015, 137, 3300–3307
       Mechanism of Self-Assembly Process and Seeded Supramolecular Polymerization of
       Perylene Bisimide Organogelator
       DOI: 10.1021/ja511952c

322  D. Schmidt, D. Bialas, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 3682–3685; Angew.Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 3611–3614
       Ambient Stable Zwitterionic Perylene Bisimide-Centered Radical
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201408067

321  P. D. Frischmann, V. Kunz, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
       Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, 2766–2769
       Subcomponent Self-Assembly of a 4 nm M4L6 Tetrahedron with ZnII Vertices and
       Perylene Bisimide Dye Edges
       DOI: 101002/chem.201405866

320  S. Seifert, D. Schmidt, F. Würthner
       Chem. Sci. 2015, 6, 1663–1667
       An Ambient Stable Core-Substituted Perylene Bisimide Dianion: Isolation and Single
       Crystal Structure Analysis
       DOI: 10.1039/c4sc03671a

319  A. Weißenstein, F. Würthner
       Chem. Commun. 2015, 51, 3415–3418
       Metal Ion Templated Self-Assembly of Crown Ether Functionalized Perylene Bisimide
       DOI: 10.1039/c4cc09443c

318  M. Schulze, A. Steffen, F. Würthner
       Angew. Chem. 2015, 127, 1590–1593; Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2015, 54, 1570–1573
       Near-IR Phosphorescent Ruthenium(II) and Iridium(III) Perylene Bisimide Metal
       DOI: 10.1002/anie.201410437

317  B. Fimmel, M. Son, Y. M. Sung, M. Grüne, B. Engels, D. Kim, F. Würthner
       Chem. Eur. J. 2015, 21, 615–630
       Phenylene Ethynylene-Tethered Perylene Bisimide Folda-Dimer and Folda-Trimer:
       Investigations of Folding Features in Ground and Excited States
       DOI: 10.1002/chem.201405231

316  T. He, M. Stolte, C. Burschka, N. H. Hansen, T. Musiol, D. Kälblein, J. Pflaum, X. Tao,
       J. Brill, F. Würthner
       Nat. Commun. 2015, 6, 5954
       Single-Crystall Field-Effect Transistors of new CI2-NDI Polymorph Processed
       by Sublimation in Air
       DOI: 10.1038/ncommus6954

 315  A. Liess, L. Huang, A. Arjona-Esteban, A. Lv, M. Gsänger, V. Stepanenko, M. Stolte,
        F. Würthner
        Adv. Funct. Mater. 2015, 25, 44–57
        Organic Thin Film Transistors Based on Highly Dipolar Donor-Acceptor Polymethine
        DOI: 10.1002/adfm.20402678

314   V. Kunz, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
        Chem. Commun. 2015, 51, 290–293
        Embedding of a Ruthenium(II) Water Oxidation Catalyst into Nanofibers
        via Self-assembly
        DOI: 10.1039/c4cc08314h

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