Würthner Group: Organic Materials and Nanosystems Chemistry

Self-assembly of Functional Nanofibers with Charge Carrier and Excitation Energy Transport Capabilities: Establishment of Fundaments of Supramolecular Electronics

F. Würthner, C. Thalacker, A. Sautter, W. Schärtl, W. Ibach, O. Hollricher
Chem. Eur. J. 2000, 6, 3871–3886:
Hierarchical Self-Organization of Perylene Bisimide -  Melamine Assemblies to Fluorescent Mesoscopic Superstructures.

F. Würthner, Z. Chen, F. J. M. Hoeben, P. Osswald, C.-C. You, P. Jonkheijm, J. van Herrikhuyzen, A. P. H. J. Schenning, P. P. A. M. van der Schoot, E. W. Meijer, E. H. A. Beckers, S. C. J. Meskers, R. A. J. Janssen
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2004, 126, 10611–10618:
Supramolecular p-n-Heterojunctions by Co-Self-Organization of Oligo(p-Phenylene Vinylene) and Perylene Bisimide Dyes.

F. Würthner
Science 2006, 314, 1693–1694 (Perspective Article):
Generating a Photocurrent on the Nanometer Scale.

T. Kaiser, H. Wang, V. Stepanenko, F. Würthner
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2007, 46, 5541–5544:
Supramolecular Construction of Fluorescent J-Aggregates Based on Hydrogen-Bonded Perylene Dyes.

Morphogenesis Studies for Homochiral Merocyanine Nanorod Assemblies

F. Würthner, S. Yao, U. Beginn
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2003, 42, 3247–3250:
Highly Ordered Merocyanine Dye Assemblies by Supramolecular Polymerization and Hierarchical Self-Organization.

A. Lohr, M. Lysetska, F. Würthner
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2005, 44, 5071–5074:
Supramolecular Stereomutation in Kinetic and Thermodynamic Self-Assembly of Helical Merocyanine Dye Nanorods.

A. Lohr, F. Würthner
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed
. 2008, 47, 1232–1236:
Evolution of Homochiral Helical Dye Assemblies: Involvement of Autocatalysis in the “Majority-Rules” Effect.

- Highlighted in Science 2003, 301, 735.
- First description of a supramolecular stereomutation.
- First kinetic analysis for the formation of homochiral nanoaggregates according to “majority-rules” principle and discovery of an autocatalytic growth mechanism.

Artificial Nanocontainers

X. Zhang, Z. Chen, F. Würthner
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2007, 129, 4886–4887:
Morphology Control of Fluorescent Nanoaggregates by Co-Self-Assembly of Wedge- and Dumbbell-Shaped Amphiphilic Perylene Bisimides.

X. Zhang, S. Rehm, M. M. Safont-Sempere, F. Würthner
Nature Chem.
  2009, 1, 623–629:
Vesicular perylene dye nanocapsules as supramolecular fluorescent pH sensor systems.

First Columnar Liquid Crystalline Perylene Dyes with Outstanding Fluorescence and Charge Transport Properties

F. Würthner, C. Thalacker, S. Diele, C. Tschierske 
Chem. Eur. J. 2001, 7, 2245–2253:
Fluorescent J-type Aggregates and Thermotropic Columnar Mesophases of Perylene Bisimide Dyes.

F. Würthner
Chem. Commun. 2004, 1564–1579 (Feature Article):
Perylene bisimide dyes as versatile building blocks for functional supramolecular architectures.

Z. Chen, V. Stepanenko, V. Dehm, P. Prins, L. D. A. Siebbeles, J. Seibt, P. Marquetand, V. Engel, F. Würthner
Chem. Eur. J. 2007, 13, 43–449:
Photoluminescence and Conductivity of Self-Assembled π-Stacks of Perylene Bisimide Dyes.

Air-stable n-Channel Organic Semiconductors with High Electron Mobility in Transistors

R. Schmidt, M. M. Ling, J. H. Oh, M. Winkler, M. Könemann, Z. Bao, F. Würthner
Adv. Mater. 2007, 19, 3692–3695:
Core-Fluorinated Perylene Bisimide Dyes: Air Stable n-Channel Organic Semicon-ductors for Thin Film Transistors with Exceptionally High On-to-Off Current Ratios.

R. Schmidt, J. H. Oh, Y.-S. Sun, M. Deppisch, A.-M. Krause, K. Radacki, H. Braunschweig, M. Könemann, P. Erk, Z. Bao, F. Würthner
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 2009, 131, 6215–6228:
High-Performance Air-Stable n-Channel Organic Thin Film Transistors Based on Halogenated Perylene Bisimides.

M. Gsänger, J. H. Oh, M. Könemann, H. W. Höffken, A-M. Krause, Z. Bao, F. Würthner
Angew. Chem. Int. Ed. 2010, 49, 740–743:
A Crystal-Engineered Hydrogen-Bonded Octachloroperylene Diimide with a Twisted Core: An n-Channel Organic Semiconductor.

Small Molecule Based Photorefractive and Photovoltaic Materials

F. Würthner, R. Wortmann, K. Meerholz  
ChemPhysChem 2002, 3, 17–31 (Review):
Chromophore Design for Photorefractive Organic Materials.

K. Meerholz, F. Würthner, BASF Patent Application WO2009007340 A1:
Mixtures for producing photoactive layers for organic solar cells and organic photodetectors

N. M. Kronenberg, M. Deppisch, F. Würthner, H. W. A. Lademann, K. Deing, K. Meerholz
Chem. Commun. 2008, 6489–6491:
Bulk heterojunction organic solar cells based on merocyanine colorants.

F. Würthner, K. Meerholz:
Chem. Eur. J. 2010, 16, 9366–9373 (Concept Article):
Systems Chemistry Approach in Organic Photovoltaic.

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